Hosted by Dan Runde, William A. Schreyer Chair and Director, Project on Prosperity and Development, Building the Future explores topics at the intersection of global development, foreign policy, and national security. In each episode, Dan sits down for a discussion with a leading expert from government, the private sector, and international organizations to discuss the challenges and opportunities facing the world today.
Here's the Latest Episode from Building the Future: Freedom, Prosperity, and Foreign Policy with Dan Runde:
In this episode, Dan is joined by Brian Chatwin, president of Right Country Lists, to discuss how financial factors can drive political campaign structures. They examine advertising methods, the weaponization of donor transparency, and how privacy laws affect international election processes. Their conversation then shifts to a discussion about whether there is genuinely too much money in politics and the importance of an open and fair election process.
In this episode, Dan is joined by Patrick Awuah, the founder and president of Ashesi University in Ghana. Dan and Patrick discuss Patrick’s recently published chapter in a book entitled Practicing Development: Upending Assumptions for Positive Change. They also discuss Africa’s youth employment challenge, how education and economic development are complementary, and the changing attitudes around the role of higher education institutions in international development. Patrick describes how Ashesi University has a unique higher education model and is an incubator for African youth entrepreneurship. Additionally, they analyze domestic resource mobilization and democracy trends in sub-Saharan Africa, and the new African free trade agreement.
In this episode, Dan is joined by Dr. Jonathan Ward, author of China’s Vision of Victory, to discuss China’s ambitions for the world and how the United States should respond. Jonathan explains that in order to continue leading a free world, the United States must focus on the source of China’s strength: its economic might. His recommendations include the United States more effectively trading with its allies, integrating its allies in Europe and in Japan, and ramping up funding for research and development.
In this episode, Dan is joined by Catherine Bertini, former executive director of the World Food Programme, as they discuss Catherine’s recent report for the Chicago Council on Global Affairs entitled, “Leading Change in UN Organizations.” The conversation is focused broadly on what it means to lead a UN organization. They discuss Catherine’s recommendations for reforms within the UN system, specifically targeted to incoming heads of UN agencies to maximize success in the first one hundred days in their roles. Additionally, they discuss Catherine’s distinguished career and her important work on improving gender parity within UN agencies.
In this episode, Dan is joined by Rick Rossow, CSIS Wadhwani Chair in U.S.-India Policy Studies, as they host two senior bureaucrats from the Indian state of Kerala, Tom Jose and Sanjeev Kaushik. They all discuss how Kerala is becoming a force to be reckoned with and how infrastructure development can take them to the next level. Additionally, they explain why transportation, water, and solid waste management are of high priority for the state; and the role of various development partners in financing Kerala's infrastructure plans.
In this episode, Dan sits down with Dean Piedmont, Senior Advisor for Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) at Creative Associates, where Mr. Piedmont leads the charge in implementing DDR programs in various countries. Dan and Mr. Piedmont discuss the trends, challenges, and successes of past DDR programs, and how they can be redesigned for integration into Afghanistan. Their conversation touches on the critical role of stakeholders and builds a potential strategy for an Afghanistan program.
In this episode, Dan is joined by Pablo Maldonado. Mr. Maldonado led a comprehensive study of unique factors that are driving migration from the Northern Triangle, including vicitmization, household income, and international relations. Much of the extensive data analysis is presented in Creative Associates International's report, "Saliendo Adelante: Why migrants risk it all," which Dan and Pablo will discuss. Pablo Maldonado is Chief Operating Officer of Creative Associates International, where he directs three program divisions including Education for Development, Communities in Transition, and Economic Growth. Mr. Maldonado also directs Creative's Business Development Division.
In this episode, Dan sits down with Sean Cairncross, Chief Executive Officer of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC). As CEO, Mr. Cairncross leads the agency and provides strategic direction and vision as MCC fulfills its mission of reducing poverty through economic growth and advancing America’s interests around the globe. Dan and Mr. Cairncross discuss the recent MCC-Cote D’Ivoire compact, the addition of regional compacts, the MCC model, and beyond. They also analyze how the MCC integrates accountability and sustainability mechanisms into their agenda and how its threshold programs lead to successful country compacts.
In this episode Dan sits down with the Swiss Ambassador to the US, Martin Dahinden. Ambassador Dahinden began his diplomatic service in 1987, has headed many European oriented institutions such as the Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining, and is currently exiting his position as Swiss Ambassador to the US. In this interview, our speakers overview the career of a successful diplomat, discuss Swiss neutrality and its purpose along with the role of Switzerland on the international stage, and teach us about the specificities and benefits of Swiss apprenticeships, and the importance of maintaining Swiss-US relationships.
In this episode, Dan sits down for a second time with Whit Ayres, author of 2016 and Beyond: How Republicans Can Elect a President in the New America, to discuss the issues facing the current U.S. political climate. Whit delivers his research on the uniqueness of national security and foreign policy issues in the context of politics, and how public opinion in these areas is more easily swayed. Dan and Whit also address the role of trade, China, and isolationism in an increasingly globalized and interconnected world by tracing a link between US humanitarian aid abroad, national security, and international image. Whit also speculates on what outcomes and issues are likely to be faced by political candidates in the 2020 elections.
In this episode, Dan interviews Alex Kitain, Chief of Party for DAI’s Revenue Generation for Governance and Growth (RG3) project in Liberia, and John Yates, Global Practice Lead for Public Financial Management at DAI. Alex and John both supported our recent report, Rethinking Taxes and Development: Incorporating Political Economy Considerations in DRM Strategies. Development programs focused on increasing domestic resource mobilization require relatively small amounts of funding and can dramatically improve the amount of money collected by governments. For example, Georgia was able to increase its domestic revenue by close to $4 billion between 2005 and 2011 with USAID’s support. Listen to the full podcast to hear more about how building strong tax administrations can help build countries’ self-reliance and reduce their dependence on foreign assistance.
In this episode of Building the Future, Dan hosts Father Daniel Mode, a Catholic priest who serves the Archdiocese for the Military Services. Fr. Mode describes his life as a Navy chaplain, his love of flying, and his fellowship with the Religious Freedom Institute. Fr. Mode is also the author of a recent publication entitled “The Intersection of U.S. National Security Strategy and Religious Freedom.” Listen to the full podcast to hear more about Fr. Mode’s interesting career in military and religious life.
In this episode, Dan interviews Raj Kumar, the founding president and editor-in-chief of Devex. Raj is also the author of a new book, "The Business of Changing the World". 10 percent of the world is still living in extreme poverty. At the same time, billionaires are beginning to give at the same level of governments. Dan and Raj discuss how the aid sector will be disrupted, in coming years, due to how involved billionaires are becoming in the aid process and the growth of social entrepreneurship. Listen to the full podcast to hear more about the book and recent changes in global development.
In this podcast, Dan has the chance to speak with Bradley Bowman, Senior Director of the Center of Military and Political Power at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD). Bradley spent nearly nine years in the U.S. Senate including serving as National Security Advisor to Senator Kelly Ayotte (NH) and Senator Todd Young (IN). Bradley shares advice for recent graduates looking to get started on Capitol Hill and his experience working for members of the Senate Foreign Relations and Senate Armed Services Committees. Prior to his life on Capitol Hill, Bradley was an active duty officer in the U.S. Army for more than 15 years including serving as a Blackhawk pilot. Listen to the full podcast to hear about the important role that development and soft power has in U.S. national security strategies. This podcast was recorded on March 5, 2019.
In this podcast, Dan is joined by Brigit Helms who has nearly 30 years of experience pioneering innovative approaches to financial inclusion. Brigit discusses her new book, Access for All: Building Inclusive Economic Systems, and the importance of promoting inclusive economic development. Today, a wider range of players seek profit with a purpose, including millennials, institutional investors, and corporates. Brigit shares her thoughts on how inclusive economic systems can offer pathways out of poverty, primarily through access to services and jobs. Please listen to the full podcast below to hear more.
In this episode of Building the Future, Dan is joined by Ulrika Modéer, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Assistant Administrator and Director of the Bureau of External Relations and Advocacy. Dan and Ulrika discuss the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the role that governments around the world, international organizations, and the private sector will play in achieving the Goals. They also discuss global migration and how the international migration system will have to deal with refugees and migrants today and in the future.
In this podcast, Dan sits down with Larry Cooley, founder of MSI (now a part of Tetra Tech) and current President Emeritus and Senior Advisor. Before founding MSI, Larry worked at the World Bank, UN Development Programme, Practical Concepts, and as a Peace Corps Volunteer. Dan and Larry discuss the importance of including monitoring and evaluating in development programs. What can you learn from pilot programs? How much of projects should be spent on monitoring and evaluating? How can you scale up projects? Click here to listen to the full podcast.
This week, Dan is joined by General Kip Ward to talk about civilian-military collaboration in Africa. General Ward was the inaugural commander of the U.S. Africa Command and has four decades of military experience, serving in Korea, Egypt, Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Israel, Palestine, and Germany. General Ward shares his thoughts on the forced migration crisis in Africa, the security challenges in the Horn of Africa, and the rising influence of China in Africa. General Ward also shares stories about collaborating with development agencies on the ground to help communities rebuild after stability is achieved. Please listen to the full podcast to hear more.
This week, Dan is joined by Dr. Kerry Healey, President of Babson College. In this podcast, Dr. Healey discusses her path from 70th Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts to first female president of Babson College. Babson is a small liberal arts school located in Wellesley, Massachusetts that is world-renowned for its entrepreneurship education. Dr. Healey’s initiatives like the Global Scholars program have helped globalize the student body at Babson; international students now comprise 28 percent of the student body, with 87 different countries represented in 2018 alone. Under Dr. Healey, Babson has spread its entrepreneurial spirit and knowledge abroad through 14 MOOCs (massive online open courses) that have reached 150,000 students in 226 countries and districts around the world.
In this podcast, Dan is joined by former Secretary of the Navy, John Lehman. Secretary Lehman served under President Ronald Reagan and took office at the age of just 38 years old. This podcast explores the influence of the U.S. Navy during the Cold War and Secretary Lehman’s new book Oceans Ventured: Winning the Cold War at Sea. One of Secretary Lehman’s greatest achievements was Ocean Venture ’81, a naval exercise that took place in 1981 that involved 120,000 service personnel, 250 ships and about 1,000 or more planes from 14 countries. Listen to the full podcast to hear the untold story of the U.S. naval efforts during the Cold War and the important role of deterrence to U.S. national security.
In this episode, Dan sits down with Lindsay Lloyd, Deputy Director of the Human Freedom Initiative at the George W. Bush Institute, to talk about the health of democracy worldwide. Mr. Lloyd was involved in the Democracy Project: a joint national survey by the Bush Institute, Freedom House, and the Penn Biden center that examines American attitudes toward the state of democracy at home and the importance of promoting democracy abroad. Dan and Lindsay discuss some of the survey’s findings and extend the conversation to questions of democracy in countries such as China, Afghanistan, and Iraq. Tune in to this episode of Building the Future: Freedom, Prosperity and Foreign Policy with Dan Runde to find out why Americans value democracy – although youth increasingly value it less – and why there is reason to be optimistic about the future of democracy all around the world.
This week Dan hosts Rick Barton, former U.S. Ambassador to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations and author of the recently published book, Peace Works: America’s Unifying Role in a Turbulent World. Rick discusses his extensive career trajectory at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) – where he founded the Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI) – the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the United Nations, and the Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations (CSO) at the State Department. His experience at these organizations and his dedication to foreign policy inspired his latest book, in which he discusses the need to match American ingenuity with local ingenuity to be a catalyzing – and not a colonizing – force in international affairs.
In this episode, Dan is joined by Alec Ross - technology policy expert and author of the bestseller The Industries of the Future. This book explores the technological and economic trends that will shape the next ten years and is targeted towards non-engineers interested in learning about cyber, AI, and big data. Alec served as Senior Advisor for Innovation for Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, a role created for him to maximize the potential of technology and innovation in service of America’s diplomatic agenda. In this conversation, Alec and Dan also discuss leapfrog technologies and labor market disruptions, both in the United States and in developing countries. Please listen to full podcast to hear more.
This week, Dan is joined by Romina Bandura, Senior Fellow with the Project on Prosperity and Development and the Project on U.S. Leadership in Development at CSIS. They discuss her new report on the Future of Global Stability: The World of Work in Developing Countries. By 2030, there will be more than 3 billion people under the age of 25 years old. The future of work has recently attracted much attention from a variety of institutions: a simple Google search of the term “future of work” produces more than 2 billion results. Our world of work – both in rich and poor countries – is changing fast. Technology, globalization, environmental changes, and shifting demographics are impacting workplace environments and the types of jobs that will be available in the future. Everyone can relate to these issues since people depend on work for their livelihoods. To hear more from Dan and Romina, check out our report launch event page where you can also find the two volumes of the report and 4 country case studies (Brazil, India, Kazakhstan, and Nigeria).
In this week’s podcast, Dan is joined by Todd Moss, Executive Director of the Energy for Growth Hub. On September 27, Todd launched the Energy for Growth Hub, a new global network connecting research and policymakers to build high-energy systems. Todd has spent most of his career at the Center for Global Development, where his work has focused on Africa, energy, and development finance. Todd also previously served as U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary for African Affairs. To hear more from Todd about the future of Africa, listen to our podcast.
In this installment of “Building the Future with Dan Runde,” International Labor Organization (ILO) Director-General Guy Ryder discusses how technology is defining what work, careers, and industry will look like in the future. The ILO is at the forefront of ensuring that worker rights are preserved no matter how impactful the fourth industrial revolution is to current global labor markets. But the questions remain, how will those markets change, how will they impact welfare systems, and how do the needs of developing and developed countries differ when it comes to technology? Listen to our podcast and watch our public event to hear more about forging the future of work.
On this episode, Dan is joined by C.D. Glin, President of the U.S. African Development Foundation (USADF). Mr. Glin has substantial experience in Africa, beginning with the Peace Corps in Ghana and South Africa. Mr. Glin also worked for the IFC in Nigeria, for the Peace Corps under President Barack Obama, and most recently as Associate Director for Africa at the Rockefeller Foundation. USADF is the US government's African enterprise agency, providing seed capital and technical support to create African-led, demand driven solutions. Africa has long been viewed as a challenge more than an opportunity. In this episode, Dan and C.D. discuss the opportunities for the U.S. to engage further on the continent and the growing role of China. Tune in to hear more from Mr. Glin and what makes him optimistic for the future.
On this episode, Dan is joined by David Bohigian, Executive Vice President of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), the United States’ development finance institution. Mr. Bohigian has considerable experience in both the public and private sectors, working for Bridgewater Associates, the world’s largest hedge fund as well several key trade roles under President George W. Bush. In this episode, Dan and David discuss the changing role of OPIC and how the BUILD Act will modernize the institution. OPIC focuses on catalyzing private sector investment in some of the world’s most fragile and challenging environments. In 2017, OPIC invested $3.8 billion in new commitments, taking their global portfolio to 23.2 billion across 90 developing countries. Tune in to our podcast to hear more from Mr. Bohigian and to learn more about OPIC.
Dan is joined by Agnes Dasewicz, Fellow at the Rockefeller Foundation and former Director of the Office of Private Capital and Microenterprise at USAID. Her career has spanned over 20 years in development finance, working at SEAF, AIG, and IFC at different points. In this episode, Dan and Agnes discuss the beginning of career working in private capital in emerging markets in Eastern Europe. During her time at USAID, Agnes helped secure over $20 billion of investment commitments from U.S. and African financiers in support of Power Africa. Agnes is now working on a project called “Opportunity America” which focuses on opportunities to create and finance sustainable infrastructure and economic growth in the poorer parts of the United States. To hear more from Agnes, watch her recent exit interview at CSIS.
Dan is joined in this podcast by Michael Rawlings, the Mayor of Dallas and a member of our Task Force on Forced Migration. Before becoming Mayor, Mr. Rawlings worked in the private sector and was the CEO of Pizza Hut. One out of four residents in Dallas was born outside the United States. During his time in office, Mayor Rawlings was also confronted by the Ebola crisis when someone was diagnosed with Ebola in Dallas, the first reported case in the United States. Dallas has become home to people from not just Latin America but Southeast Asia and Africa. To hear more from Mayor Rawlings, check out our report launch.
In this podcast, Dan Runde is joined by Benn Steil, Senior Fellow and Director of International Economics at the Council on Foreign Relations. In February 2018, Dr. Steil published a new book, The Marshall Plan: Dawn of the Cold War, that places foreign aid to Western Europe in the context of the Cold War and U.S. national security interests. You can find CSIS’ review of the book here. Dan and Dr. Steil also discuss his earlier work, The Battle of Bretton Woods, which focuses on the Bretton Woods conference which established the World Bank Group and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The role of Soviet espionage in the conference is rarely discussed and prepares you for his later work focused on the Marshall Plan. A Marshall Plan announced today would be worth closer to $103 billion and an enormous amount of effort from people like General Marshall and Arthur Vandenberg was required to ensure that it passed through Congress. For more, check out the book event hosted at CSIS.
Dan Runde is honored to be joined for this podcast by Kenneth Wollack, President of the National Democratic Institute (NDI). In his 25 years as President, Ken Wollack has been a champion of democracy along with support from NDI chair, former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright. In this podcast, he discusses the challenges to democracy today and the lasting impact of events like the Arab Spring. Freedom House reports that there are still 49 countries that fall in the “Not Free” category. Ken shares what makes his optimistic for the future. To hear more from Ken, check out his exit interview at CSIS.
In this podcast, Dan Runde is joined by Ambassador James Michel, a Senior Advisor to the Project on Prosperity and Development at CSIS and former chair of the Development Assistance Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). In January 2018, Ambassador Michel published a CSIS report, Managing Fragility and Promoting Resilience to Advance Peace, Security, and Sustainable Development. The OECD estimates that by 2035, 80 percent of extremely poor people will live in the 56 contexts identified as fragile in 2016. The United States and other development actors are going to be increasingly focused on these fragile contexts, and Ambassador Michel provides recommendations for each of their approaches. To hear more, check out the report launch.
This podcast features Daniella Ballou-Aares, a Partner for Dalberg Advisors and former Senior Advisor for Development to U.S. Secretaries of State John Kerry and Hillary Clinton. This discussion focuses on the role of blended finance in achieving the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. Daniella also shares her thoughts on innovative data sources for development. To hear more from Daniella listen to the full podcast below and check out an event we hosted, Development Finance Institutions in a New Aid Architecture.
This podcast features James A. Harmon, the Chairman of the Egyptian-American Enterprise Fund (EAEF). Mr. Harmon shares his unique and insightful experiences as Chairman of the EAEF, including the obstacles he had to overcome to make enterprise funds successful in Egypt. In the early 1990s, enterprise funds were innovative because they were given the unique and dual mandate to “do development” and make money. Some enterprise funds were very successful and generated returns for the American taxpayer; however, other enterprise funds were not as successful. The blended results sent mixed signals to Washington, D.C. and ultimately, enterprise funds fell off of the global development agenda. Then, prompted by the Arab Spring—and nearly two decades after the first round of enterprise funds—the Obama Administration initiated two new enterprise funds in Egypt and Tunisia. Tune in to our podcast with Mr. Harmon to learn more about enterprise funds.
This podcast features His Excellency Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhry, Ambassador of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan to the United States. Relations between the United States and Pakistan have been strained in recent months. It is important for the United States and Pakistan to continue their 70-year relationship. Pakistan currently ranks as the sixth largest country in the world, and they will shortly become the fifth. This conversation seeks to move beyond the security concerns and focus on development, economic, and other opportunities for partnership between the United States and Pakistan. To hear more from H.E. Chaudhry, watch our recent public event.
This podcast features Shannon Green, who is the Senior Director of Programs at the Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC). This podcast was recorded at the closing of Ms. Green’s time at CSIS. Her concluding remarks pose an optimistic view of the progress of human rights that reflects her hope for continued efforts. She brings deep experience in international development, human rights, and violence prevention with 15 years in the US government, academia, and the nonprofit sector. Prior to joining CIVIC, Ms. Green served as the Director and Senior Fellow of the Human Rights Initiative at CSIS where she served as Managing Director of the Commission on Countering Violent Extremism. Ms. Green also previously served as Senior Director for Global Engagement on the National Security Council. Before joining the White House, Ms. Green worked for USAID for nearly a decade. In this podcast, she discusses how countries cooperate on counterterrorism issues and the steps that governments and civil society need to take to combat violent extremism and other social instabilities.
This podcast features Ambassador Casper Klynge, Denmark’s first Technology Ambassador. In this interview, Ambassador Klynge discusses his new role and the growing importance of technology and Silicon Valley in the development agenda. Ambassadors are typically found in Washington D.C., but Ambassador Klynge has been tasked with strengthening Denmark's relationship with technology giants like Facebook and Google. To hear more from Ambassador Klynge, listen to the entire podcast.
Andrew Shearer, Director of the Alliances and American Leadership Project at CSIS, join Dan for this week’s podcast to discusses the importance of international partnerships and the changing landscape of the Asia-Pacific region. How can the United States and Australia strengthen their collaboration in fragile and conflict-affected places?
Antonio Rodiles, a Cuban dissident, opens up to Dan Runde in this podcast about the challenges he has faced opposing as an activist in Cuba and his hopes for political change. In addition, he discusses U.S.-Cuba relations and the ongoing challenges that have hindered the country’s progress. Tune in to hear more from our courageous guest.
In this podcast, Ambassador Jim Michel, Senior Adviser at CSIS and former U.S Ambassador to Guatemala, discusses the critical role of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and the international dialogue around new approaches toward development.
Andrew Natsios, former USAID Administrator and a key member of the CSIS Forced Migration Task Force, shares his views on the evolving role of USAID and international organizations and their responses to the forced migration crisis. More people are displaced today than any other point in human history. Mr. Natsios provides powerful insights in the root causes of the global migration crisis and the steps to reduce its impact.
In this podcast, First Lady of Afghanistan, Rula Ghani, discusses the resiliency of Afghan women and their increasing re-emergence in grade schools, universities, and professions (such as engineering and law) after years of war and oppressive Taliban rule in Afghanistan. Mrs. Ghani has her finger on the pulse of women’s empowerment in Afghanistan and shares a variety of fascinating anecdotes – which center around topics ranging from the shifting cultural attitudes of men to the changing landscape of women’s professions in conservative provinces – that have served to bolster her vision of a positive, gender-inclusive future for Afghanistan.
This week’s podcast features Lana Abu-Hijleh, who is the Palestine Country Director for Global Communities and a member of the CSIS Forced Migration Task Force. Lana shares the struggles she faced pursuing a career as an engineer growing up in Palestine and her inspiration for returning home. Palestine has made great strides in education, lowering the illiteracy rate to around 2 percent. In addition, 41 percent of college graduates in Palestine are women. Lana was named One of the Top 100 Inspiring Women in the World in 2015 by BBC. Lana also shares her perspective on the global migration crisis. 5.2 million Palestinians are still registered as refugees today, but she remains optimistic. 52 percent of the population in the West Bank and Gaza is under the age of 25 years old. Through programs like the Global Communities Youth Local Council in the West Bank, Palestinian youth begin to understand the crucial role they play in the leading their country forward. Lana explains, “Refugee is just a status that is temporary and should end.” Tune in to hear more from our guest Lana Abu-Hijleh by listening to the full podcast.